National Dog of Phungsan

phungdan dog

Phungsan Dog. (Photo DPRK Today)


Phungsan is indigenous to Korea. The Korean nation has bred the dog for thousands of years. 


The home of the dog is the area of Kim Hyong Gwon County (the former Phungsan County) in Ryanggang Province. From of old the local people in the area of Kapsan and Phungso centring on the county widely used the dog for hunting. The area is 1 040 metres above sea level with the average annual temperature of -2℃ and the average annual precipitation of 700 mm.


The dog is clever, good at hunting and adapted to high mountain regions in the country, so it is known as a specialty of Korea.


The country registered Phungsan as a natural living monument, and designated Kwangdok-ri in Kim Hyong Gwon County as a natural living monument reserve.


kwangdok-ri natural living monument area

Residents of Kwangdok-ri, Phungsan dog village. (Photo DPRK Today)


The body of the dog is rather small but has a broad and developed chest fit for living on high mountains. And it is strong in resistance to cold and diseases, healthy in appetite and grows well in harsh conditions.


It persistently fights an enemy to the last though the latter is a fierce beast of prey. It faithfully follows its master and has a sharp judgement and concentration. With judgement on the basis of its sense and intellectual faculties the dog is able to return alone to its home even from a distance of scores or hundreds of kilometres.


It is nimble and, with thick and sturdy hind legs it runs well even in mountainous areas. It looks wild, and its standing posture is agile. Its head is big and its ears are relatively small. It always raises its head slightly as if it were sharply watchful. Its fur is white in the main or yellowish brown.


The male and the female are about 55 centimetres and about 53 centimetres tall, respectively. The male weighs 24 to 25 kilograms and 28 kilograms at maximum and the female 22 to 23 kilograms and about 27 kilograms at maximum. The female is in pup for 60 days, pups five to six at a birth and suckles them for 40 to 50 days.


The pure breed of the dog is kept thanks to the country's policy of nature preservation. The country designated it as the national dog.


(Uriminzokkiri)

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