Pubyok Pavilion

Pubyok Pavilion in Springtime
Pubyok Pavilion in Springtime. (File Photo Credit Ryugyong)


The Pubyok Pavilion is located on Moran Hill in Pyongyang on the Taedong River.


Built in 393 during the period of Koguryo (277BC–AD 668), the first feudal state of Korea, it was called Yongmyong Pavilion as it was attached to the Yongmyong Temple.


Early in the 12th century it was rebuilt and renamed Pubyok Pavilion to the effect that it seems to be floating over Chongnyu Cliff that is skirted by the crystal-clear and blue water.


Singboard: Floating Blue Pavilion
Singboard: Floating Blue Pavilion. (File Photo Credit Ryugyong)


It was burned down by the Japanese aggressors during the Imjin Patriotic War (1592–1598) and rebuilt in 1614.


The pavilion is harmonious with the beautiful scenery of Moran Hill.


>Pubyok Pavilion in Olden Times
Pubyok Pavilion in Olden Times. (File Photo Credit Ryugyong)


Thus, enjoying the full moon rising over the Pubyok Pavilion was well known as one of the eight famous scenes in Pyongyang.


Full Moon over Pubyok Pavilion
Pubyok Pavilion under Full Moon. (File Photo Credit Ryugyong)


Kim Hwang Won, a poet of Koryo which was a feudal state of Korea that existed from 918 to 1392, tried to compose a poem about the Pubyok Pavilion.


When he had done a half of it he found it impossible for him to contain all the beautiful scenery around the pavilion in his poem, so he gave up his poem halfway lamenting his ability.


The half poem goes as follows:


A river meanders along the long wall.


Hills are standing east of the plain.


The poem written on a panel is hung on a pillar of the Ryongwang Pavilion.


Half Poem of Kim Hwang Won
Half Poem of Kim Hwang Won. (File Photo Credit Ryugyong)


The Pubyok Pavilion is 14.58m wide and 7.68m long.


It is a fascinating one with a hip-saddle roof supported by tapering pillars.


It was used as a military commanding post, for it was a general's terrace of the North Fort of the Walled City of Pyongyang.


During the Imjin war the volunteer army stationed in the pavilion launched a surprise attack against the enemy position under cover of pitch-dark night when swarms of enemy troops were wandering around unable to cross the Taedong River to attack Pyongyang. The army gave a critical blow to the enemy and achieved a great victory.


The Pubyok Pavilion is well preserved as it is not only a proud structure displaying the Korean nation's high architecture but also valuable national cultural heritage permeated with patriotism of the Koreans for national defence.


(Urminzokkiri - December 24, 2020)

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