Nations push programmes for space exploration

By Min Chol
The Pyongyang Times - June 16, 2019

International interest in outer space development is growing day by day and more and more countries are investing large funds in space projects.

Russia put forward space development as an important state policy and is directing efforts to this end.

President Putin set forth tasks to be tackled in this field by 2030 at a Security Council meeting last April, saying it is important to gain the lead in the field in order to carry out the national development programme, ensure national security and hold a competitive edge in technology and economy.

Russia is planning to launch 20 to 22 Soyuz rockets this year and seven of them are said to be sent to the international space station.

China has recently channelled big efforts into space exploration.

It successfully sent its 45th navigation satellite of Beitou series into orbit on May 17.

It is planning to launch eleven Beitou-3 satellites and one Beitou-2 to strengthen its service in Asia-Pacific and improve its worldwide service.

China’s geostationary weather satellite Fengyun-4 and earth observation satellite Gufen-4 provide information for forecasting weather and natural disasters and reducing damage from them.

Having sent a probe onto the far side of the moon early this year, it is going to launch more than 30 carrier rockets there by the year’s end.

The Indian government sanctioned the project for manned space flight in late December last year as part of its space programme.

Describing the project as an enormous undertaking in pursuit of independence in space exploration, the minister of electronic information said that it will be implemented in 2022.

Besides, many countries are launching into space development. Rwanda and Nepal put their first satellites into space this year and Iran is trying to launch a satellite of its own undeterred by sanctions and pressure.